Professor Shrikant Bahulkar

Cheif Investigator, Bhāgavata Purāṇa Project, Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute, Pune
Adjunct Professor, Department of Pali, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune


Professor Dr. S. S. Bahulkar has been teaching undergraduate and postgraduate courses in Sanskrit for more than 40 years, during which time he has been engaged in a variety of research projects. Both his research and teaching focus on Vedic Studies, Buddhist Studies, Ayurveda, and Classical Sanskrit Literature.  For his Ph. D., he worked on the “Healing Practices in the Atharvaveda” and published his thesis under the title Medical Ritual in the Atharvaveda Tradition. He continued his research in that field and worked on the exegetical literature of the Atharvaveda. After having done his M. A. and Ph. D. in Sanskrit from the University of Pune (1970 – 1977), he taught Sanskrit and conducted his postgraduate research at the Nagoya University, Japan where he began to study Tibetan and Japanese languages and Buddhist Tantric works in Sanskrit and Tibetan. He worked in the Deccan College, Pune (1979-81), the Tilak Maharashtra Vidyapeeth, Pune (1981-1993; 1995-2006; 2009) and the Central University of Tibetan Studies (CUTS), Sarnath (1993-95; 2006-2009; 2010-2012). He headed the Department of Sanskrit at the Tilak Maharashtra University (1981 – 2009) and taught Vedic and classical Sanskrit. He headed the Rare Buddhist Texts Research Department of CUTS and edited the celebrated Commentary Vimapalaprabhā on the Kālacakra Tantra (Vols. 2 and 3), the Journal Dhīḥ and some other Tantric works. He has visited a number of foreign countries in connection with teaching, research and conferences. He has also worked as Visiting Professor at the University of British Columbia Vancouver, Canada (1993), Freie Universität, Berlin, Germany (1998-99), Harvard University, Cambridge, U. S. A. (2010), Oxford Centre for Hindu Studies, Oxford University, U. K. (2014), Philipps Universität, Marburg, Germany (2013, 2014, 2016), Kanazawa University, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel, (2017), Kanazawa, Japan (2017), University of Toronto, Canada (2018) and Fudan University, Shanghai, China (2019). He was appointed member on the International Advisory Board of the Tibetan Buddhist Resource Centre, U.S.A. He was ICCR Chair for Indian Studies at the Tel Aviv University, Israel and taught Sanskrit at the Department of East Asian Studies of that University. (24 April – 27 June 2017). Recently he has been nominated as Senior Fellow at the Oxford Centre for Hindu Studies of Oxford University (U. K.)

He has written and edited 12 books and about 65 research and popular articles. Presently he is working on a number of research projects pertaining to Vedic, classical Sanskrit and Buddhist Sanskrit texts.  

For his outstanding contribution to Vedic and Sanskrit Studies, he has been honoured with prestigious awards such as Nanasaheb Peshawe Puraskar of Devadevaeshvar Sansthan, Pune, Bhasha Samman of Sahitya Academi, Delhi and Mahamahopadhyaya P. V. Kane Gold Medal of the Asiatic Society, Mumbai. 

While working in the field of Vedic Studies, Prof. Bahulkar did field work searching for the living tradition of the Atharvaveda and manuscripts of Atharvavedic texts. He edited some unpublished texts and wrote several articles on the Atharvaveda. He was instrumental in arranging the audio recording of six Vedic Shakhas in various parts of India with the financial assistance of the Danish Government. The recording is preserved at the Royal Library, Copenhagen and a set at the Veda-Shastrottejak Sabha, Pune. He is associated with several academic Institutes, namely, the Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute, Veda-Shastrottejak Sabhā, Vaidika Saṁśodhana Maṇḍala, and the Department of Pali and Buddhist Studies, University of Pune. He is a founder member and office bearer of the Bṛhanmahārāṣṭra Prācyavidyā Pariṣad, Saṁvidyā Institute of Cultural Studies and Deshana Institute of Buddhist and Allied Studies, (all in Pune). He is Adjunct Professor at the Department of Pali, the University of Pune (renamed as Sāvitrībai Phule Pune University). Presently, he is the Chief Investigator, Bhāgavata Purāṇa Project of the Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute.

Research Areas

Research Interests

I have been teaching undergraduate and postgraduate courses in Sanskrit for more than 40 years, during which time I have been engaged in a variety of research projects. Both my research and teaching focus on Vedic Studies, the Atharvaveda ritual in particular; Buddhist Studies, particularly Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit and Buddhist Tantric language and literature, Ayurveda; and Classical Sanskrit Literature. 

Books and Monographs

  • Pradīpoddyotana-ṭīkā-ṣaṭkoṭivyākhā, Candrakīrti’s Commentary on the Guhyasamājatantra (Revised edition of the Sanskrit Text), forthcoming.
  • Vṛttamālāstuti of Jñānaśrīmitra with Śākyarakṣita’s Vṛttamālā(stuti)vivṛti, Critical edn. by Michael Hahn, rev. edn. by S. S. Bahulkar, Lata Mahesh Deokar and M. A. Deokar, Pune and Delhi: Deshana, Pune and Aditya Prakashan, Delhi, 2016.
  • Bauddhastotraratnākara (Collection of Buddhist Sanskrit Stotras). Sarnath: Central University of Tibetan Studies, 2012.
  • The Guhyasamājamaṇḍalavidhi of Dīpaṅkaraśrī bhadra (Critical Edition of Sanskrit and Tibetan Texts), 2010.
  • Bibliography of Dietetics in Ancient and Medieval India. Thane: Institute for Oriental Study, 2001.
  • Indian Fire Ritual. In collaboration with Prof. M. Tachikawa and Dr. Madhavi Kolhatkar. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 2001.
  • The Madhyamaka-hṛdaya-kārikā of Bhāvaviveka: A Photographic Reproduction of Prof. V. V. Gokhale’s Copy. Nagoya Studies in Indian Culture and Buddhism, Sambhāṣā, Vol. 15, 1994.
  • Kālacakratantra-ṭīkā-vimalaprabhā, Vol. 3: Critical Edition of Sanskrit Text. In collaboration with V. V. Dwivedi. Sarnath: Central University of Tibetan Studies, 1994.
  • Kālacakratantra-ṭīkā-vimalaprabhā, Vol. 2: Critical Edition of Sanskrit Text. In collaboration with V. V. Dwivedi. Sarnath: Central University of Tibetan Studies, 1994.
  • Medical Ritual in the Atharvaveda Tradition. Pune: Tilak Maharashtra Vidyapeeth, 1994. 
  • Keśavakṛtā Kauśikapaddhatiḥ: Critical Edition with Introduction, Notes, and Indices. In collaboration with Ācārya V. P. Limaye, et al. Pune: Tilak Maharashtra Vidyapeeth, 1982.

Books and Monographs (Unpublished)

  • The Sampuṭa Tantra (Critical Edition of Sanskrit and Tibetan Texts), Part 1. Sarnath: Central University of Tibetan Studies, 2012.


  • “Contribution of Prof. Michael Hahn to Studies in Buddhist Sanskrit Literature”. In: Lata Mahesh Deokar (Ed.). Sakathā (Proceedings of International Seminar on Buddhist Narratives, 24-26 Feb. 2016). Pune and Delhi: Department of Pali, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune, Deshana Institute of Buddhist and Allied Studies, Pune and Aditya Prakashan, Delhi, 2021: 7-39.
  • Rāmāyaṇacī Cikitsita Āvṛttī” (Marathi) (Critical Edition of Rāmāyaṇa”). Daily Puḍhārī, special Isuue on the occasion of Rāmanavamī, 21 April 2021:6.
  • “Rāmāyena” (Marathi). (Rāmāyaṇas in Tibet, China and Japan). Sakāḷ Nespaper, Special Issue called Ayodhyā Parva, 12 April 2021:6.
  • “The Śaunaka and the Paippalāda Schools of the Atharvaveda: A Comparative Study of their Domestic Rituals”. Special lecture, Proceedings of the conference, The Atharvaveda and its South Asian Contexts, Indian Studies, Institute of Asian and Oriental Studies, University of Zürich, 26 – 28 September 2019 (Forthcoming).
  • “Editing the Manuscripts of Forgotten Sanskrit Texts”. Sanskrit in China International Conference 2019: Sanskrit on Paths, Center for Tibetan Studies of Sichuan University, Chengdu, 27 – 28 April 2019 (Forthcoming)  
  • “Casting away the caste: A Buddhist standpoint in the Vimalaprabhā commentary on the Kālacakra Tantra”. In: Pradeep P. Gokhale (Ed.): Classical Buddhism, Neo-Buddhism and the Question of Caste, Routledge, London and New York, 2021: 77-84.
  • “Buddhism and Hindu Society: some observations from medieval Marathi literature”. In: Pradeep P. Gokhale (Ed.): Classical Buddhism, Neo-Buddhism and the Question of Caste, Routledge, London and New York, 2021: 51-160.
  • “River as a Cow and Cow as a River.” Durga Bhagawat Endowment Lecture, Asiatic Society of Mumbai, Dec. 1, 2020. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Mumbai. (Forthcoming)
  • “Vedism and Brahmanism in Buddhist Literature: An Overview”. In: Pratnaratnam, Essays in Honour of Dr. Arvind Prabhakar Jamkhedkar. Ed. By Suraj A. Pandit, Manjiri Bhalerao, Ambarish Khare. pp. 2019. Pune: Samvidya Institute of Cultural Studies: 38-56. 
  • “Maukhik Paramparecyā Pāulvāṭā.” (Bye-ways of the Oral Tradition), Samanvay, 4th year issue, 2019: 12 – 16.
  • “The Tradition of the Atharvaveda in Maharashtra”, In: Veda and Vedic Literature (Select papers from the panel on Veda and Vedic literature, 16th World Sanskrit Conference, 28 June – 2 July, 2015, Bangkok, Thailand), Ed. Hans Henrich Hock, 2016: 113-125, Delhi: D. K. Publishers and Distributors. 
  • “Attempts towards Preservation and Revival of the Śaunakīya Atharvaveda”. In: Vedic Śākhās, Past, Present, Future (Proceedings of the Fifth International Vedic Workshop, Bucharest, Metropolitan Library of Bucharest, Romania, 20 -24 September 2011). Ed. Jan E.M. Houben Julieta Rotaru, Michael Witzel. 2016: 723-736, HOS, Opera Minora IX, Cambridge (Mass.): Harvard University Press. 
  • “The Tradition of the Atharvaveda in Varanasi.” In: Vedic Investigations (Papers of the Twelfth World Sanskrit Conference, University of Helsinki, Finland, 13-18 July 2003, Vol. I (Veda Section), Ed. Asko Parpola and Petteri Koskikallio, 2016: 1-16, Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
  •  “Buddhist Maṇḍala: The Text for Visualization and the Tradition of Drawing.” In: Buddhist Texts and Traditions (Selected Papers, International Conference on Buddhist Texts and Traditions, University of Pune, Pune, 21-23 December 2009), Ed. Mahesh A. Deokar, Lata Deokar, Pradeep Gokhale, rev. edition, 2015: 215-228, Pune: Deptt. of Pali, Savitribai Phule Pune University.  
  • “Medhājanana in the Atharvaveda Tradition”. In: Proc. 15th World Sanskrit Conference, New Delhi, January 5-10, 2012, Ed. Hans Henrich Hock, 2014: 101-115, New Delhi: Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan & D. K. Printworld.
  • Buddhism and Hindu Society: Some Observations from the Medieval Marathi Literature.” 
  • International Conference on Buddhism and Society, 2013: 185-195, Sarnath: Central University of Tibetan Studies. 
  • “Orality, Textuality and Inter-textuality: Some Observations on the Śaunaka Tradition of the Atharvaveda”. Proceedings of the International Symposium: The Book Europe Romania, Bucharest, Metropolitan Library of Bucharest, Romania 20 -24 September 2010. 
  • “From Myth to Ritual: The Horse of Pedu and the Remedy for Removing Snake’s Poison.” In: La Roumanie. L’Europe, Deuxième édition, 20-24 Septembre 2009, Section De mythe au rituel, (International Symposium on “The Book. Romania. Europe”, Second Edition, 20-24 September 2009, Section “From Myth to Ritual”), Ed. Florin Rotaru and Julieta Rotaru, 2010: 471-479, Bucharest: Metropolitan Library of Bucharest
  • “Ideology and Language Identity: A Buddhist Perspective.” With Mahesh A. Deokar. In: Saṃskṛta-Sādhutā “Goodness of Sanskrit” (Studies in Honour of Prof. Ashok N. Aklujkar), Ed. C. Watanabe, M. Desmarais and Y. Honda, 2012: 37-53. Delhi: D. K. Publishers and Distributors Pvt. Ltd.
  • “Varṇavyavasthece Khaṇḍan: Bauddha Tantrāñce Yogadān.” (Refutation of the Varṇa System:  
  • Contribution of Buddhist Tantras; in Marathi), Parāmarśa, 29 (4), February-April 2008: 25-38.
  • “Contribution of Indian Scholars to Buddhist Tantric Studies.” Dhīḥ, Vol. 45, 2008: 17–38. 
  • “Regaining the Lost Treasure of Buddhist Sanskrit Texts: A New Dimension of Sanskrit Studies.” Dhīḥ, Vol. 43, 2007: 33–62.
  • Guhyasamājamaṇḍalavidhi of Dīpaṅkaraśrībhadra. (Critical Edition of Sanskrit Text). Dhīḥ, Vol. 42, 2006: 109–154. 
  • “Refutation of Caste-Class Discrimination in the Buddhist Tantric Literature.” Dhīḥ, Vol. 41, 2006: 39–50.
  • “Text-critical Notes on Buddhist Tantric texts (1).” Dhīḥ, Vol. 42, 2006: 37–44.
  • “Abhicār āṇi Ātharvaṇa Paramparā.” (Abhicāra and the tradition of the Atharvaveda; in Marathi). In: Prācyavidyā, Ed. Ravindra Ambadas Muley, 19-27. Sangamner: Saṃskṛta Saṁvardhan Maṇḍal, Sangamner College, 2006.
  • “An Apocryphal (?) Hymn to Pratyaṅgirā.” In The Vedas: Texts, Language and Ritual (Proceedings of the Third International Vedic Workshop, Leiden, 2002), Ed. A. Griffiths and J. E. M. Houben, 15–22. Groningen Oriental Studies, 20. Groningen: Egbert Forsten, 2004.
  • The Role of Brahman in the Sthālīpāka of the Atharvavedins.” In: Three Mountains and Seven Rivers (Professor Musashi Tachikawa Felicitation Volume), Ed. Shoun Hino and Toshihiro Wada, 509–516. Delhi: Motilal Banarasidass, 2004. 
  • Dharmaśāstra of the Atharvavedins.” In: Ātharvaṇa: A Collection of Essays on the Atharvaveda with Special Reference to its Paippalāda Tradition, Ed. Abhijit Ghosh, pp. 146-154. Kolkata: Sanskrit Book Depot, 2002.
  • Saṃskāraratnamālā: An Atharvaṇic Prayoga-text.” In: Pramodasindhu, (Prof. Pramod Ganesh Lalye’s 75th Birthday Felicitation Volume), Ed. Kalyan Kale, N. B. Marathe, and Shreenand Bapat, pp. 28–35. Pune: Mansanman Prakashan, 2003.
  • Kauśikasūtra and the Śākhās of the Atharvaveda.” In: Subhāṣiṇi (Dr. Saroja Bhate Felicitation Volume), Ed. G. U. Thite, pp. 1–11. Pune: Prof. Dr. Saroja Bhate Felicitation Committee, 2002.
  • “Anvaṭ Sanskrit Vāṅmayātīl Islāmce Paḍsād: Kāhī Nondī.” (Echoes of Islam in Non-conventional Sanskrit Literature: Some Notes; in Marathi). Navabhārata, Wai, Prajñapāṭhaśāla, August 2000: 29–33.
  • “A Note on the Kauśikasūtra 16.30.” In: Wisdom in Indian Traditions (Professor K. P. Jog Felicitation Volume), Ed. Shoun Hino and Lalita Deodhar, 1–8. Delhi: Pratibha Prakashan, 1999.
  • “The Heart of Madhyamaka.” In: Homage to Tathāgata: An Anthology of Studies in Buddhism (Proc, of the Buddha Pūrṇimā Seminar), Ed. Kranti Kumar, 104–108. Sarnath: Triratna Trust, May 1998.
  • “History of the Kālacakra Tantra in the Post-Vedic Perspectives.” In: Buddhism in India and Abroad: An Integrating Influence in Vedic and Post-Vedic Perspective, Ed. Kalpakam Sankarnarayan, Motohiro Yoritomi, and Shubhada A. Joshi, pp. 249–256. Mumbai: Somaiya Publications, 1996.
  • “Emendations in the Nidānakārikas.” Dhīḥ, Vol. 21, 1996: 101–116.
  • “The Lokadhātupaṭala (Chapter I) of the Kālacakra Tantra.” Dhīḥ, Vol. 19, 1995: 163–182.
  • “Fragments of the Sekoddeśa.” Dhīḥ, Vol. 17, 1994: 149–154.
  • “Time, Life and Death: A Buddhist View.” In: Indology and Tantric Buddhism (Prof. Y. Miyasaka 
  • Felicitation Volume), Ed. Musashi Tachikawa, et al., pp. 307–320. Kyoto, 1994.
  • “Magic and Medicine.” Proceeding of the Seminar on Living Customs and their Ancient Indian Sources,
  • CASS, University of Pune, 1990 (1991): 278–288.
  • Kauśikasūtra of the Atharvaveda, chapter I, critical edition.” In: Vedic Texts: A Revision (Professor C. G. Kashikar Felicitation Volume), Ed. S. S. Bahulkar, 115–134. New Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1990.
  • “Problems of Variants with special reference to the Guhyasamājatantra.” In: Sampādan ke Siddhānt aur Upādān, Ed. V. V. Dwivedi, 158–169. Sarnath: Central University of Tibetan Studies, 1990.
  • “Concept of Premature Death in the Ayurveda.” Memoirs of Society for Ayurveda in Japan, no. 19, Tokyo, 1989: 89–99.
  • Āṅgirasakalpa: A Brief Survey.” Annals of the Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute, Vol. 68 (R. G. 
  • Bhandarkar 150th Birth Anniversary Volume), Pune, 1987: 571–579.
  • “Atharvanic Element in the Ayurveda.” In: Essays on Science (Felicitation Volume in Honour of Dr. S. 
  • Mahdihassan), Ed. Hakim Mohammed Said, 66–74. Karachi: Hamdard Foundation Press, 1987.
  • “On the Nine Categories of Yogin (Yogasūtras i.20–22).” Proc. of the All India Oriental Conference, xxxii, Ahmedabad, 1985 (1987): 443–450.
  • “Saubhāgyabhāskarakār Bhāskararāya Makhī.” (Bhāskararāya Makhī: The Author of the Saubhāgya­­­­bhāskara, A Commentary on the Lalitasahasranāma; in Marathi). Puruṣārtha (Special Issue on Śrīlalitādevī), Pardi, 1986: 469–471.
  • “Bauddha Stotra Vāṅmaya.” (Buddhist Stotra Literature; in Marathi). Puruṣārtha (Special Issue on Stotras), Pardi, 1985: 484–489.
  • “Bhāvaviveka’s Madhyamaka-hṛdaya-vṛtti-tarkajvālā, chapter 1, critical edition of Sanskrit kārikās with 
  • an English translation of the Tibetan version of the commentary with notes.” In collaboration with Prof. V.V. Gokhale. In Miscellanea Buddhica, edited Christian Lindtner, 76–108. Copenhagen: Akademisk Forlag, 1985.
  • “Mahārāṣṭrātīl Saṃskṛataviṣayak Dhoraṇ.” (Government Policy Regarding Sanskrit in Maharashtra; in 
  • Marathi). Bhāṣā āṇi Jīvan, Pune, March 1984: 41–45.
  • “Vinobāñce Saṃskṛataviṣayak Vicār.” (Vinoba’s Thoughts on Sanskrit; in Marathi). Śikṣaṇa āni Samāja, 
  • Indian Institute of Education, Pune, October 1983: 289–293.
  • “Sārvajanīnasaṃskṛtaśikṣāviṣaye Kecana Vicārāḥ” (Some Reflections on Sanskrit Education of All; in 
  • Sanskrit). Śāradā, Vol. 23, Pune, September 1982: 10–16.
  • “The Nakṣatrakalpa and the Śāntikalpa.” Proceedgs of the All India Oriental Conference, xxxi, Jaipur, 
  • 1982 (1984): 179–184. Also appeared in Journal of the Oriental Institute, Vol. 34, nos. 1–2, Vadodara, 1985: 135–139.
  • “On the Interpretation of the Word vībarham in the Kauśikasūtra.” Golden Jubilee Volume of Vaidika 
  • Saṃśodhana Maṇḍala, Pune, 1982: 1–5.
  • “Carakasaṃhitetīl Vādavivād.” (Debate in the Carakasaṃhitā; in Marathi). Parāmarśa nos. 1–3, Pune, November 1981: 37–47.
  • “Meghadūtācā Tibeṭī Anuvād.” (The Tibetan Translation of the Meghadūta; in Marathi). Marāṭhavāḍā Saṃśodhana Maṇḍala Vārṣika, Shirur Tajband (Maharashtra), 1981: 83–88.
  • “What is Ayurveda?” Sambhāṣā, Journal of Department of Indian Philosophy, no.1, Nagoya University, 
  • Nagoya, Japan, July 1979: 15–20.
  • “Outline of the Darśapūrṇamāsa.” Tokai-bukkyo (Journal of Tokai Association of Indian and Buddhist Studies), Nagoya, Japan, no. 24, May 1979: 90–101.
  • “Concept of Dharmodayā (chos ḥbyun).” Report of Japanese Association for Tibetan Studies, no. 25, Tokyo, Japan, March 1979: 13–16.
  • “Structure of Maṇḍala according to the Niṣpannayogāvalī.” (Summary in Japanese). Journal of Indian and Buddhist Studies, no. 37, Vol. 1, Kyoto, Japan, 1978: 184–185.
  • Prayogadīpa of Devabhadra: A Brief Survey.” Journal of Pune University (Humanities Section), no. 43, 
  • 1978: 31–35.
  • “Bhāṣyakār Dārilācyā Sthalakālāsambandhī Kāhī Vicār.” (Some Thoughts on the Place and Date of Bhāṣyakāra Dārila; in Marathi). Marāṭhavāḍā Saśodhana Maṇḍala Vārṣika (Annual Number), Shirur Tajband, (Maharashtra), 1976: 125–136.
  • “The hymn akṣībhyā te…in the Vedic Schools.” CASS (Centre of Advanced Study in Sanskrit) Studies, no. 3, Pune, 1974: 171–177.
  • “Gṛhya-ritual vis-a-vis Atharvavedic tradition.” Proceedings of the All India Oriental Conference, xxvii,
  • Kurukshetra, 1974: 191–208.
  • “Traces of Medical Science in the Kauśikasūtra.” CASS (Centre of Advanced Study in Sanskrit) Studies, 
  • no. 2, Pune, 1973: 155–159.